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Authors: Kroumpouzos, George
Kassir, Martin
Gupta, Mrinal
Goldust, Mohamad
Title: Complications of botulinum toxin A : an update review
Online publication date: 20-Jan-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Cosmetic surgery procedures have increased manifolds all over the world owing to the ever-increasing demand of people to look beautiful and young. Injectable treatments like botulinum toxin are becoming more popular owing to their rapid, well-defined, and lasting results for the reduction of facial fine lines, wrinkles, and facial rejuvenation. These emerging treatments are quite safe but can have certain adverse effects. In this article, we have highlighted the complications and side effects of botulinum toxin based on the anatomical location. The possible causes and precautions to prevent these complications are also discussed. The search of literature included peer-reviewed articles including clinical trials and scientific reviews. Literature was identified from electronic databases (MEDLINE/PubMed) through January 2021 and references of respective articles and only the articles published in English language were included.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
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Journal: Journal of cosmetic dermatology
Pages or article number: 1585
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1473-2165
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jocd.14160
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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