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Authors: Vogel, Anna
Haupts, Anna
Kloth, Michael
Roth, Wilfried
Hartmann, Nils
Title: A novel targeted NGS panel identifies numerous homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-associated gene mutations in addition to known BRCA mutations
Online publication date: 23-Jan-2024
Year of first publication: 2024
Language: english
Abstract: Deleterious mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have significant therapeutic relevance in clinical settings regarding personalized therapy approaches. BRCA1 and BRCA2 play a pivotal role in homologous recombination (HR) and thus are sensitive for PARP inhibitors (PARPi). Beyond the narrow scope of evaluating only the BRCA mutation status, PARPi can be beneficial for HR deficient (HRD) patients, who harbor mutations in other HR-associated genes. In the present retrospective study, a novel targeted HRD gene panel was validated and implemented for use with FFPE tissue. Samples of patients with ovarian, breast, pancreatic and prostate cancer were included. Variants were robustly detected with various DNA input amounts and the use of test samples showed complete concordance between previously known mutations and HRD panel results. From all the 90 samples included in this cohort, TP53 was the most frequently altered gene (73%). Deleterious BRCA1/2 mutations were found in 20 (22%) of all samples. New pathogenic or likely pathogenic mutations in additional HR-associated genes were identified in 22 (24%) patients. Taken together, the present study proves the feasibility of a new HRD gene panel with reliable panel performance and offers the possibility to easily screen for resistance mutations acquired over treatment time. Mutations in HR-associated genes, besides BRCA1/2, might represent promising potential targets for synthetic lethality approaches. Thus, a substantial number of patients may benefit from expanding the scope of therapeutic agents like PARPi.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Diagnostic pathology
Pages or article number: 9
Publisher: BioMed Central
Issue date: 2024
ISSN: 1746-1596
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s13000-023-01431-8
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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