Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Wild, Philipp S.
Schuster, Alexander K.
Süssmuth, Sigurd D.
Niessen, Heiko G.
Allers, Kelly A.
Beutel, Manfred E.
|Title:||Tryptophan catabolites and depression in the general population : results from the Gutenberg Health Study|
|Online publication date:||25-Aug-2023|
|Year of first publication:||2023|
|Abstract:||Previous studies reported significantly altered tryptophan catabolite concentrations in major depression. Thus, tryptophan catabolites were considered as potential biomarkers of depression and their modulators as potential targets for psychopharmacotherapy. However, the results were based mainly on studies with small sample sizes limiting their generalizability. Against this background, we investigated the relationship of peripheral tryptophan catabolites with depression in a population-based sample with n = 3,389 participants (with fasting status ≥ 8 h and C-reactive protein < 10 mg/L). N = 248 had clinically significant depression according to a PHQ-9 score of ≥ 10, n = 1,101 subjects had mild depressive symptoms with PHQ-9 scores between 5 and 9, and n = 2,040 had no depression. After multivariable adjustment, clinically significant depression was associated with lower kynurenine and kynurenic acid. Spearman correlation coefficients of the tryptophan catabolites with the severity of depression were very small (rho ≤ 0.080, p ≤ 0.015). None of the tryptophan catabolites could diagnostically separate depressed from not depressed persons. Concerning linear associations, kynurenine and kynurenic acid were associated only with the severity and the cognitive dimension of depression but not its somatic dimension. Tryptophan catabolites were not associated with persistence or recurrence of depression at the 5 year follow-up. The results replicated the association between kynurenine and kynurenic acid with depression. However, the associations were small raising doubts about their clinical utility. Findings underline the complexity of the relationships between depression and tryptophan catabolites. The search for subgroups of depression with a potentially higher impact of depression might be warranted.|
610 Medical sciences
|Institution:||Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz|
|Department:||FB 04 Medizin|
|Document type specification:||Scientific article|
|Information on rights of use:||https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/|
|Pages or article number:||27|
|Appears in collections:||DFG-491381577-G|
Files in This Item:
|tryptophan_catabolites_and_de-20230818130311332.pdf||806.07 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|