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Authors: Müller-Heupt, Lena Katharina
Schiegnitz, Eik
Kaya, Sebahat
Jacobi-Gresser, Elisabeth
Kämmerer, Peer Wolfgang
Al-Nawas, Bilal
Title: The German S3 guideline on titanium hypersensitivity in implant dentistry : consensus statements and recommendations
Online publication date: 6-Apr-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background There is currently a lack of guidelines for clinicians regarding titanium hypersensitivity in implant dentistry. Diagnostic tests such as the epicutaneous test or the lymphocyte transformation test showed inconsistent results regarding reliability and validity and thus, evidence-based consensus recommendations regarding diagnostic and therapeutic options may be helpful in clinical decision-making. Therefore, the German S3 guideline on titanium hypersensitivity in implant dentistry was developed. Findings In the objectives, procedure, voting method and venue were defined and the consensus participants were invited. A systematic literature research was performed, and the overall quality of the evidence was rated according to the GRADE working group. Eight recommendations were formulated within the framework of a structured consensus conference under independent moderation and could be voted on with strong consensus (> 95% agreement). The formulated statements and recommendations were developed in small groups according to the guidelines of the Association of the Scientific Medical Societies in Germany (AWMF) and were discussed and agreed upon in the plenum. Conclusions For reasonable decision-making, a patient’s clinical symptoms should be regarded as leading parameters, which are usually expressed by a local inflammatory reaction with subsequent disturbed osseous integration. Allergy tests, such as the epicutaneous test or the lymphocyte transformation test are not helpful in titanium intolerance assessments, since these tests indicate T cell-mediated allergies, which are not observed in titanium intolerance reactions. Other metals and impurities that might be present in superstructures or alloys also need to be considered as the cause of an intolerance reaction and a trigger for contact sensitization. In the case of a suspected titanium particle-related, local immunologically induced inflammatory reaction with subsequent impaired osseous integration, dental ceramic implants can be considered as a therapeutic option.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: International journal of implant dentistry
Pages or article number: 51
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Berlin u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2198-4034
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s40729-022-00451-1
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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