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Authors: Gerschwitz-Eidt, Michael A.
Dillenberger, Markus S.
Kadereit, Joachim W.
Title: Phylogeny of Saxifraga section Saxifraga subsection Arachnoideae (Saxifragaceae) and the origin of low elevation shade-dwelling species
Online publication date: 12-Apr-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Saxifraga section Saxifraga subsection Arachnoideae is a lineage of 12 species distributed mainly in the European Alps. It is unusual in terms of ecological diversification by containing both high elevation species from exposed alpine habitats and low elevation species from shady habitats such as overhanging rocks and cave entrances. Our aims are to explore which of these habitat types is ancestral, and to identify the possible drivers of this remarkable ecological diversification. Using a Hybseq DNA-sequencing approach and a complete species sample we reconstructed and dated the phylogeny of subsection Arachnoideae. Using Landolt indicator values, this phylogenetic tree was used for the reconstruction of the evolution of temperature, light and soil pH requirements in this lineage. Diversification of subsection Arachnoideae started in the late Pliocene and continued through the Pleistocene. Both diversification among and within clades was largely allopatric, and species from shady habitats with low light requirements are distributed in well-known refugia. We hypothesize that low light requirements evolved when species persisting in cold-stage refugia were forced into marginal habitats by more competitive warm-stage vegetation. While we do not claim that such competition resulted in speciation, it very likely resulted in adaptive evolution.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
580 Pflanzen (Botanik)
580 Botanical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Ecology and Evolution
Pages or article number: e9728
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Publisher place: [Erscheinungsort nicht ermittelbar]
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2045-7758
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/ece3.9728
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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