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Authors: Berger, Marcel
Matlach, Juliane
Pitz, Susanne
Berres, Manfred
Axmacher, Franz
Kahaly, George J.
Brockmann, Marc A.
Müller-Eschner, Matthias
Title: Imaging of the medial rectus muscle predicts the development of optic neuropathy in thyroid eye disease
Online publication date: 9-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Goal of the study was to evaluate bony orbit remodeling and extraocular muscle (EOM) volume in thyroid eye disease (TED) and their role as predicting factors for development of dysthyroid optic neuropathy (DON). Orbital computed tomography of 92 patients with TED with (76 orbits) or without DON (98 orbits) were retrospectively evaluated. Orbits (n = 40) of subjects without TED served as controls. Measurements of the bony orbit as well as EOM volume were incorporated into a generalized linear mixed model to predict DON. The angle of the medial orbital wall was significantly smaller (p < 0.001) in patients with TED (− 2.3 ± 3.6°) compared to patients with TED + DON (1.0 ± 4.1°). Both groups differed significantly from controls (− 4.2 ± 2.7°). Bowing of the medial orbital wall correlated positively with muscle volume (r = 0.564; p < 0.001). Total EOM volume was significantly larger in TED + DON (7.6 ± 2.5cm3) compared to TED only (5.6 ± 3.0cm3; p < 0.001) or controls (2.6 ± 0.5cm3). Multivariate analysis revealed the medial rectus muscle volume (TED: 1.06 ± 0.48cm3 vs. TED + DON: 2.16 ± 0.84cm3) as the strongest predictor, achieving a specifity of 86.7% and a sensitivity of 73.7% in diagnosing DON in univariate analysis. Though characterized by a wide range of variability, increased medial rectus muscle volume is the strongest predictor for DON in our patient cohort with TED when analyzing a single muscle.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Scientific reports
Pages or article number: 6259
Publisher: Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2045-2322
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-10043-z
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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