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Authors: Hanisch, Daniela
Krumm, Andrea
Diehl, Tamara
Stork, Carla M.
Dejung, Mario
Butter, Falk
Kim, Ella
Brenner, Walburgis
Fritz, Gerhard
Hofmann, Thomas G.
Roos, Wynand P.
Title: Class I HDAC overexpression promotes temozolomide resistance in glioma cells by regulating RAD18 expression
Online publication date: 7-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Overexpression of histone deacetylases (HDACs) in cancer commonly causes resistance to genotoxic-based therapies. Here, we report on the novel mechanism whereby overexpressed class I HDACs increase the resistance of glioblastoma cells to the SN1 methylating agent temozolomide (TMZ). The chemotherapeutic TMZ triggers the activation of the DNA damage response (DDR) in resistant glioma cells, leading to DNA lesion bypass and cellular survival. Mass spectrometry analysis revealed that the catalytic activity of class I HDACs stimulates the expression of the E3 ubiquitin ligase RAD18. Furthermore, the data showed that RAD18 is part of the O6-methylguanine-induced DDR as TMZ induces the formation of RAD18 foci at sites of DNA damage. Downregulation of RAD18 by HDAC inhibition prevented glioma cells from activating the DDR upon TMZ exposure. Lastly, RAD18 or O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) overexpression abolished the sensitization effect of HDAC inhibition on TMZ-exposed glioma cells. Our study describes a mechanism whereby class I HDAC overexpression in glioma cells causes resistance to TMZ treatment. HDACs accomplish this by promoting the bypass of O6-methylguanine DNA lesions via enhancing RAD18 expression. It also provides a treatment option with HDAC inhibition to undermine this mechanism.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Cell death & disease
Pages or article number: 293
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2041-4889
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41419-022-04751-7
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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