Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Müller, Lukas
Hahn, Felix
Jungmann, Florian
Mähringer-Kunz, Aline
Stoehr, Fabian
Halfmann, Moritz C.
Pinto dos Santos, Daniel
Hinrichs, Jan
Auer, Timo A.
Düber, Christoph
Kloeckner, Roman
Title: Quantitative washout in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing TACE : an imaging biomarker for predicting prognosis?
Online publication date: 2-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background The delayed percentage attenuation ratio (DPAR) was recently identified as a novel predictor of an early complete response in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) undergoing transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). In this study, we aimed to validate the role of DPAR as a predictive biomarker for short-, mid-, and long-term outcomes after TACE. Methods We retrospectively reviewed laboratory and imaging data for 103 treatment-naïve patients undergoing initial TACE treatment at our tertiary care center between January 2016 and November 2020. DPAR and other washin and washout indices were quantified in the triphasic computed tomography performed before the initial TACE. The correlation of DPAR and radiologic response was investigated. Furthermore, the influence of DPAR on the 6-, 12-, 18-, and 24-month survival rates and the median overall survival (OS) was compared to other established washout indices and estimates of tumor burden and remnant liver function. Results The DPAR was significantly of the target lesions (TLs) with objective response to TACE after the initial TACE session was significantly higher compared to patients with stable disease (SD) or progressive disease (PD) (125 (IQR 118–134) vs 110 (IQR 103–116), p < 0.001). Furthermore, the DPAR was significantly higher in patients who survived the first 6 months after TACE (122 vs. 115, p = 0.04). In addition, the number of patients with a DPAR > 120 was significantly higher in this group (n = 38 vs. n = 8; p = 0.03). However, no significant differences were observed in the 12-, 18-, and 24-month survival rates after the initial TACE. Regarding the median OS, no significant difference was observed for patients with a high DPAR compared to those with a low DPAR (18.7 months vs. 12.7 months, p = 0.260). Conclusions Our results confirm DPAR as the most relevant washout index for predicting the short-term outcome of patients with HCC undergoing TACE. However, DPAR and the other washout indices were not predictive of mid- and long-term outcomes.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Cancer imaging
Pages or article number: 5
Publisher: BMC
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1470-7330
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s40644-022-00446-6
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
quantitative_washout_in_patie-20230131155844289.pdf2.52 MBAdobe PDFView/Open