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Authors: Schmitt, Volker H.
Hobohm, Lukas
Vosseler, Markus
Brochhausen, Christoph
Münzel, Thomas
Espinola-Klein, Christine
Keller, Karsten
Title: Temporal trends in patients with peripheral artery disease influenced by diabetes mellitus in Germany
Online publication date: 3-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Introduction In patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) the presence of diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with higher morbidity and mortality. Because huge efforts are made to improve medical care of patients with DM including chronic disease programs, the aim of the present study was to investigate temporal trends regarding the clinical burden of DM on PAD patients within a 15-year observational period. Methods We analyzed all patients hospitalized because of PAD between 2005 and 2019 in Germany stratified regarding DM. Results Overall, 2 654 871 hospitalizations of PAD patients (865 823 with DM) were included. Hospitalizations based on PAD inclined from 142 778 in 2005 to 190 135 in 2019 (β 3956 per year; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3034–4878, p < .001) with simultaneous increase of hospitalizations of PAD patients with DM (2005: 41609 (29.1%) versus 2019: 65 302 (34.3%); β 2019 per year [95% CI 1593–2446], p < .001). Amputation rates (β −0.42 [95% CI −0.44 to −0.40]; p < .001) as well as in-hospital case-fatality rate (2005: 4.7%, 2019: 2.8%; β −0.64 [95% CI −0.69 to −0.59]; p < .001) decreased in diabetic PAD patients during the observational time. In spite of improved morbidity and mortality in the last years of the observational period, patients with DM still suffered from an increased risk for morbidity and mortality during the observational period compared to nondiabetic PAD patients. Conclusions Despite the progress in DM treatments, DM still was associated with an unfavorable clinical patient profile and remained a substantial risk factor for morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients with PAD and DM in Germany between 2005 and 2019.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Journal of diabetes
Pages or article number: 670
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford u.a
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1753-0393
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/1753-0407.13316
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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