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Authors: Renaud, Emilie
Riegel, Christina
Romero, Rossana
Suryamohan, Kushal
Distler, Ute
Tenzer, Stefan
Schad, Arno
Musholt, Thomas J.
Rajalingam, Krishnaraj
Title: Multiomic analysis of papillary thyroid cancers identifies BAIAP2L1-BRAF fusion and requirement of TRIM25, PDE5A and PKCδ for tumorigenesis
Online publication date: 17-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is one of the most common forms of thyroid cancer with a cure rate of over 90% after surgery. However, aggressive forms may still occur, and personalized therapeutic strategies are increasingly required. Methods We performed integrated genomic and proteomic analysis of PTC tumor samples from patients who did not harbor BRAF or RAS mutations. We validate the analysis and present in-depth molecular analysis of the identified genetic rearrangement by employing biochemical and cell biological assays. Finally, we employ 3D spheroid models, loss of function studies and chemical inhibitors to target the hitherto upregulated factors. The data are analysed with appropriate statistical tests which are mentioned in the legends section. Results In a 23-year-old patient with thyroiditis, we identified a novel rearrangement leading to a BAIAP2L1-BRAF fusion that transforms immortalized human thyroid cells in a kinase and CC-domain dependent manner. Moreover, quantitative proteomic analysis of the same patient samples revealed the upregulation of several proteins including the Ubiquitin E3 ligase TRIM25, PDE5A, and PKCδ. Further, in a cohort of PTC patients, we observed higher expression of TRIM25 and PKCδ in the tumor and metastatic lesions, when compared to the matched normal tissue. Inhibition of TRIM25, PDE5A and PKCδ with small molecules or RNA interference affected not only viability and proliferation of BAIAP2L1-BRAF transformed cells, but also the viability, growth and invasion of corresponding 3D spheroid cultures. Conclusions Apart from unveiling a novel oncogenic BRAF fusion in PTCs, our data may open a novel avenue of therapeutic targeting in human PTCs.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Molecular cancer
Pages or article number: 195
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1476-4598
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12943-022-01665-y
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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