Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Leggewie, Barbara
Gouveris, Haralampos
Bahr, Katharina
Title: A narrative review of the association between obstructive sleep apnea and glaucoma in adults
Online publication date: 13-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder, primarily of the upper airway, which not only has a significant impact on quality of life but is also associated with various systemic diseases. Several ophthalmological diseases are also associated with OSA, especially glaucoma. The purpose of this review is to take a closer look at the causality and mutual influence. Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed. A total of 19 studies with 316,178 adult participants were included. Results: Eleven of the sixteen studies concentrating on the prevalence of glaucoma in patients with OSA showed an association of both entities. One paper found a higher risk for progression of glaucoma in OSA patients. Five of the sixteen included studies failed to show a correlation between OSA and glaucoma. One study out of three surveying specific ophthalmological parameters showed an influence of OSA therapy on retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thinning and vision. One study showed a rise in intraocular pressure (IOP), while two other studies showed no increase under continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Conclusions: Our findings suggest an association between OSA and glaucoma and, especially, between OSA and thinning of RNFL. CPAP therapy appears to be also suitable for patients with comorbid glaucoma.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: International journal of molecular sciences
Pages or article number: 10080
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1422-0067
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijms231710080
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
a_narrative_review_of_the_ass-20230126120109949.pdf344.37 kBAdobe PDFView/Open