Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Schmitt, Volker H.
Hobohm, Lukas
Sivanathan, Visvakanth
Brochhausen, Christoph
Gori, Tommaso
Münzel, Thomas
Konstantinides, Stavros V.
Keller, Karsten
Title: Diabetes mellitus and its impact on mortality rate and outcome in pulmonary embolism
Online publication date: 6-Dec-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Aims/Introduction In patients with pulmonary embolism (PE), the impact of diabetes mellitus on patient profile and outcome is not well investigated. Material and Methods The German nationwide inpatient sample of the years 2005–2018 was analyzed. Hospitalized PE patients were stratified for diabetes, and the impact of diabetes on in-hospital events was investigated. Results Overall, 1,174,196 PE patients (53.8% aged ≥70 years, 53.5% women) and, among these, 219,550 (18.7%) diabetes patients were included. In-hospital mortality rate amounted to 15.8%, and was higher in diabetes patients than in non-diabetes patients (19.8% vs 14.8%, P < 0.001). PE patients with diabetes had a higher prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, comorbidities, right ventricular dysfunction (31.8% vs 27.7%, P < 0.001), prolonged in-hospital stay (11.0 vs 9.0 days, P < 0.001) and higher rates of adverse in-hospital events. Remarkably, diabetes was independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] 1.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.20–1.23, P < 0.001) when adjusted for age, sex and comorbidities. Within the observation period of 2005–2018, a relevant decrease of in-hospital mortality in PE patients with diabetes was observed (25.5% to 16.8%). Systemic thrombolysis was more often administered to diabetes patients (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.01–3.49, P < 0.001), and diabetes was associated with intracerebral (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.12–1.26, P < 0.001), as well as gastrointestinal bleeding (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.07–1.15, P < 0.001). Type 1 diabetes mellitus was shown to be a strong risk factor in PE patients for shock, right ventricular dysfunction, cardiopulmonary resuscitation and in-hospital death (OR 1.75, 95% CI 1.61–1.90, P < 0.001). Conclusions Despite the progress in diabetes treatments, diabetes is still associated with an unfavorable clinical patient profile and higher risk for adverse events, including substantially increased in-hospital mortality in acute PE.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Journal of diabetes investigation
Pages or article number: 725
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2040-1124
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jdi.13710
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
diabetes_mellitus_and_its_imp-20221206101925478.pdf860.11 kBAdobe PDFView/Open