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Authors: Labenz, Christian
Kostev, Karel
Armandi, Angelo
Galle, Peter R.
Schattenberg, Jörn M.
Title: Impact of thyroid disorders on the incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in Germany
Online publication date: 6-Dec-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Background Studies investigating a potential association between hypothyroidism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) showed conflicting results and large-scale population-based data from Germany on this topic are currently missing. Objective It was the aim of this analysis to investigate the impact of thyroid gland disorders on the prevalence of NAFLD in Germany. Methods In this case-control study, using the German disease Analyzer database (IQVIA), NAFLD patients were matched to patients without NAFLD by age, sex, index year, treating physician, diabetes mellitus type II, and obesity. The main outcome of the study was an association between thyroid gland disorders (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism and autoimmune thyroiditis) and incident NAFLD and was evaluated using logistic regression analyses. Results 57,483 patients with NAFLD were matched to 57,483 patients without liver disease. Mean age of the cohort was 60.3 years (±14.1) and 52.3% were men. In regression analyses, hypothyroidism (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.10 - 1.24, p < 0.001) as well as autoimmune thyroiditis (OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.35–1.73, p < 0.001) were associated with a higher risk of NAFLD. In contrast, hyperthyroidism was associated with a lower risk of NAFLD (OR 0.85, 95% CI 0.77–0.94, p < 0.001). The effect of hypothyroidism on the prevalence of NAFLD remained significant across men (OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.15–1.48) as well as women (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.05–1.21). Conclusion Hypothyroidism seems to be a risk factor for incident NAFLD.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: United european gastroenterology journal
Pages or article number: 829
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 2050-6414
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/ueg2.12124
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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