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Authors: Rojas-Agramonte, Yamirka
Kaus, Boris J. P.
Piccolo, Andrea
Williams, Ian S.
Gerdes, Axel
Wong, Jean
Xie, HangXian
Buhre, Stephan
Toulkeridis, Theofilios
Montero, Pilar
Garcia-Casco, Antonio
Title: Zircon dates long-lived plume dynamics in oceanic islands
Online publication date: 29-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: In this contribution we report the first systematic study of zircon U-Pb geochronology and δ18O-εHf(t) isotope geochemistry from 10 islands of the hot-spot related Galapagos Archipelago. The data extracted from the zircons allow them to be grouped into three types: (a) young zircons (0–∼4 Ma) with εHf(t)(∼5–13) and δ18O (∼4–7) isotopic mantle signature with crystallization ages dating the islands, (b) zircons with εHf(t) (∼5–13) and δ18O (∼5–7) isotopic mantle signature (∼4–164 Ma) which are interpreted to date the time of plume activity below the islands (∼164 Ma is the minimum time of impingement of the plume below the lithosphere), and (c) very old zircons (∼213–3,000 Ma) with mostly continental (but also juvenile) εHf(t) (∼−28–8) and δ18O (∼5–11) isotopic values documenting potential contamination from a number of sources. The first two types with similar isotopic mantle signature define what we call the Galápagos Plume Array (GPA). Given lithospheric plate motion, this result implies that GPA zircon predating the Galápagos lithosphere (i.e., >14–164 Ma) formed and were stored at sublithospheric depths for extended periods of time. In order to explain these observations, we performed 2D and 3D thermo-mechanical numerical experiments of plume-lithosphere interaction which show that dynamic plume activity gives rise to complex asthenospheric flow patterns and results in distinct long-lasting mantle domains beneath a moving lithosphere. This demonstrates that it is physically plausible that old plume-derived zircons survive at asthenospheric depths below ocean islands
DDC: 550 Geowissenschaften
550 Earth sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: Geochemistry, geophysics, geosystems
Pages or article number: e2022GC010485
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1525-2027
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2022GC010485
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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