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Authors: Faustmann, Larissa L.
Eckhardt, Lara
Hamann, Pauline S.
Altgassen, Mareike
Title: The effects of separate facial areas on emotion recognition in different adult age groups : a laboratory and a naturalistic study
Online publication date: 7-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: The identification of facial expressions is critical for social interaction. The ability to recognize facial emotional expressions declines with age. These age effects have been associated with differential age-related looking patterns. The present research project set out to systematically test the role of specific facial areas for emotion recognition across the adult lifespan. Study 1 investigated the impact of displaying only separate facial areas versus the full face on emotion recognition in 62 younger (20–24 years) and 65 middle-aged adults (40–65 years). Study 2 examined if wearing face masks differentially compromises younger (18–33 years, N = 71) versus middle-aged to older adults’ (51–83 years, N = 73) ability to identify different emotional expressions. Results of Study 1 suggested no general decrease in emotion recognition across the lifespan; instead, age-related performance seems to depend on the specific emotion and presented face area. Similarly, Study 2 observed only deficits in the identification of angry, fearful, and neutral expressions in older adults, but no age-related differences with regards to happy, sad, and disgusted expressions. Overall, face masks reduced participants’ emotion recognition; however, there were no differential age effects. Results are discussed in light of current models of age-related changes in emotion recognition.
DDC: 150 Psychologie
150 Psychology
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Frontiers in psychology
Pages or article number: 859464
Publisher: Frontiers
Publisher place: Lausanne
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1664-1078
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.859464
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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