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Authors: Schubert, Christopher
Winter, Maria
Ebert-Jung, Andrea
Kierszniowska, Sylwia
Nagel-Wolfrum, Kerstin
Schramm, Thorben
Link, Hannes
Winter, Sebastian
Unden, Gottfried
Title: C4-dicarboxylates and L-aspartate utilization by Escherichia coli K-12 in the mouse intestine : L-aspartate as a major substrate for fumarate respiration and as a nitrogen source
Online publication date: 15-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: C4-dicarboxylates, such as fumarate, l-malate and l-aspartate represent substrates for anaerobic growth of Escherichia coli by fumarate respiration. Here, we determined whether C4-dicarboxylate metabolism, as well as fumarate respiration, contribute to colonization of the mammalian intestinal tract. Metabolite profiling revealed that the murine small intestine contained high and low levels of l-aspartate and l-malate respectively, whereas fumarate was nearly absent. Under laboratory conditions, addition of C4-dicarboxylate at concentrations corresponding to the levels of the C4-dicarboxylates in the small intestine (2.6 mmol kg−1 dry weight) induced the dcuBp-lacZ reporter gene (67% of maximal) in a DcuS-DcuR-dependent manner. In addition to its role as a precursor for fumarate respiration, l-aspartate was able to supply all the nitrogen required for anaerobically growing E. coli. DcuS-DcuR-dependent genes were transcribed in the murine intestine, and mutants with defective anaerobic C4-dicarboxylate metabolism (dcuSR, frdA, dcuB, dcuA and aspA genes) were impaired for colonizing the murine gut. We conclude that l-aspartate plays an important role in providing fumarate for fumarate respiration and supplying nitrogen for E. coli in the mouse intestine.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Environmental microbiology
Pages or article number: 2564
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford u.a.
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1462-2920
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/1462-2920.15478
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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