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Authors: Martinez del Castillo, Edurne
Zang, Christian S.
Burras, Allan
Hacket-Pain, Andrew
Esper, Jan
Serrano-Notivoli, Roberto
Hartl, Claudia
Weigel, Robert
Klesse, Stefan
Resco de Dios, Victor
Scharnweber, Tobias
Dorado-Liñán, Isabel
van der Maaten-Theunissen, Marieke
van der Maaten, Ernst
Jump, Alistair
Mikac, Sjepan
Banzragch, Bat-Enerel
Beck, Wolfgang
Cavin, Liam
Claessens, Hugues
Čada, Vojtěch
Čufar, Katarina
Dulamsuren, Choimaa
Gričar, Jozica
Gil-Pelegrín, Eustaquio
Janda, Pavel
Kazimirovic, Marko
Kreyling, Juergen
Latte, Nicolas
Leuschner, Christoph
Longares, Luis Alberto
Menzel, Annette
Merela, Maks
Motta, Renzo
Muffler, Lena
Nola, Paola
Petritan, Any Mary
Petritan, Ion Catalin
Prislan, Peter
Rubio-Cuadrado, Álvaro
Rydval, Miloš
Stajić, Branko
Svoboda, Miroslav
Toromani, Elvin
Trotsiuk, Volodymyr
Wilmking, Martin
Zlatanov, Tzvetan
Luis, Martin de
Title: Climate-change-driven growth decline of European beech forests
Online publication date: 31-Oct-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: The growth of past, present, and future forests was, is and will be affected by climate variability. This multifaceted relationship has been assessed in several regional studies, but spatially resolved, large-scale analyses are largely missing so far. Here we estimate recent changes in growth of 5800 beech trees (Fagus sylvatica L.) from 324 sites, representing the full geographic and climatic range of species. Future growth trends were predicted considering state-of-the-art climate scenarios. The validated models indicate growth declines across large region of the distribution in recent decades, and project severe future growth declines ranging from −20% to more than −50% by 2090, depending on the region and climate change scenario (i.e. CMIP6 SSP1-2.6 and SSP5-8.5). Forecasted forest productivity losses are most striking towards the southern distribution limit of Fagus sylvatica, in regions where persisting atmospheric high-pressure systems are expected to increase drought severity. The projected 21st century growth changes across Europe indicate serious ecological and economic consequences that require immediate forest adaptation.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 10 Biologie
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Communications biology
Pages or article number: 163
Publisher: Springer Nature
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2399-3642
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s42003-022-03107-3
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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