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Authors: Molenaar, Carin
Blessin, Manpreet
Erfurth, Luise M.
Imhoff, Roland
Title: Were we stressed or was it just me – and does it even matter? : Efforts to disentangle individual and collective resilience within real and imagined stressors
Online publication date: 11-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Although resilience is a multi-level process, research largely focuses on the individual and little is known about how resilience may distinctly present at the group level. Even less is known about subjective conceptualizations of resilience at either level. Therefore, two studies sought to better understand how individuals conceptualize resilience both as an individual and as a group. Study 1 (N = 123) experimentally manipulated whether participants reported on either individual or group-based responses to real stressors and analysed their qualitative responses. For individual responses, subjective resilience featured active coping most prominently, whereas social support was the focus for group-based responses. As these differences might be attributable to the different stressors people remembered in either condition, Study 2 (N = 171) held a hypothetical stressor (i.e., natural disaster) constant. As expected, resilience at the group level emphasized maintaining group cohesion. Surprisingly, the group condition also reported increased likelihood to engage in blame, denial, and behavioural disengagement. Contrary to expectations, participants in the individual condition reported stronger desire to seek out new groups. The combined findings are discussed within the framework of resilience and social identity and highlight the necessity of accounting for multiple levels and subjective conceptualizations of resilience.
DDC: 150 Psychologie
150 Psychology
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 02 Sozialwiss., Medien u. Sport
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: The British journal of social psychology
Pages or article number: 167
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2044-8309
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/bjso.12475
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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