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Authors: Emrich, Tilman
Bordonaro, Veronica
Schoepf, U. Joseph
Petrescu, Aniela
Young, Gabrielle
Halfmann, Moritz
Schoeler, Theresia
Decker, Josua
Abidoye, Ibukun
Emrich, Anna Lena
Kreitner, Karl-Friedrich
Schmidt, Kai Helge
Varga-Szemes, Akos
Secinaro, Aurelio
Title: Right/left ventricular blood pool T2 ratio as an innovative cardiac MRI screening tool for the identification of left-to-right shunts in patients with right ventricular disease
Online publication date: 7-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background Left-to-right (L-R) shunts are characterized by a pathological connection between high- and low-pressure systems, leading to a mixing of oxygen-rich blood with low oxygenated blood. They are typically diagnosed by phase-contrast cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) which requires extensive planning. T2 is sensitive to blood oxygenation and may be able to detect oxygenation differences between the left (LV) and right ventricles (RV) caused by L-R shunts. Purpose To test the feasibility of routine T2 mapping to detect L-R shunts. Study Type Retrospective. Population Patients with known L-R shunts (N = 27), patients with RV disease without L-R shunts (N = 21), and healthy volunteers (HV; N = 52). Field Strength/Sequence 1.5 and 3 T/balanced steady-state free-precession (bSSFP) sequence (cine imaging), T2-prepared bSSFP sequence (T2 mapping), and velocity sensitized gradient echo sequence (phase-contrast MRI). Assessment Aortic (Qs) and pulmonary (Qp) flow was measured by phase-contrast imaging, and the Qp/Qs ratio was calculated as a measure of shunt severity. T2 maps were used to measure T2 in the RV and LV and the RV/LV T2 ratio was calculated. Cine imaging was used to calculate RV end-diastolic volume index (RV-EDVi). Statistical Tests Wilcoxon test, paired t-tests, Spearmen correlation coefficient, receiver operating curve (ROC) analysis. Significance level P < 0.05. Results The Qp/Qs and T2 ratios in L-R shunt patients (1.84 ± 0.84 and 0.89 ± 0.07) were significantly higher compared to those in patients with RV disease (1.01 ± 0.03 and 0.72 ± 0.10) and in HV (1.04 ± 0.04 and 0.71 ± 0.09). A T2 ratio of >0.78 showed a sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of 100%, 73.9%, and 100%, respectively, for the detection of L-R shunts. The T2 ratio was strongly correlated with the severity of the shunt (r = 0.83). Data Conclusion RV/LV T2 ratio is an imaging biomarker that may be able to detect or rule-out L-R shunts. Such a diagnostic tool may prevent unnecessary phase-contrast acquisitions in cases with RV dilatation of unknown etiology. Level of Evidence 3 Technical Efficacy Stage 2
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 05 Philosophie und Philologie
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: Journal of magnetic resonance imaging
Pages or article number: 1452
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Publisher place: New York, NY
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1522-2586
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/jmri.27881
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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