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Authors: Bhari, Neetu
Schwaertz, Robert A.
Apalla, Zoe
Salerni, Gabriel
Akay, Bengu Nisa
Patil, Anant
Grabbe, Stephan
Goldust, Mohamad
Title: Effect of estrogen in malignant melanoma
Online publication date: 7-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background Melanoma is associated with poor prognosis in its advanced stages. Potential influence of estrogen and its metabolites on melanoma growth has been suggested. Aims The objective of this review was to provide an overview on the evidence related to estrogen in malignant melanoma. Materials and Methods Literature search using PubMed, Google Scholar and relevant cross-references of the retrieved articles was performed to review relevant published articles related to estrogen and its effects in malignant melanoma. Results Effect of estrogen signaling on a tissue largely depends on the relative expression of estrogen receptors (ER) α and β. Gender differences in melanoma may be explained by the difference in expression of these receptors. ERβ is the principal ER in melanoma. Discussion Although there is uncertainty about role of estrogen in pathogenensis and progression of melanoma, evidence suggests that its growth and metastasis are influenced by estrogen stimulation. Role ER on the proliferation of melanoma cells is well described. Conclusion There is a need of safe and effective therapy for melanoma, especially for advanced cases. After the establishment of specific role of estrogen and its receptor, analysis of specific genetic mutation can be performed for proper utilization of targeted therapies.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
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Journal: Journal of cosmetic dermatology
Pages or article number: 1905
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1473-2165
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jocd.14391
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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