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Authors: Bicker, Frank
Nardi, Leonardo
Maier, Jannik
Vasic, Verica
Schmeisser, Michael J.
Title: Criss-crossing autism spectrum disorder and adult neurogenesis
Online publication date: 7-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) comprises a group of multifactorial neurodevelopmental disorders primarily characterized by deficits in social interaction and repetitive behavior. Although the onset is typically in early childhood, ASD poses a lifelong challenge for both patients and caretakers. Adult neurogenesis (AN) is the process by which new functional neurons are created from neural stem cells existing in the post-natal brain. The entire event is based on a sequence of cellular processes, such as proliferation, specification of cell fate, maturation, and ultimately, synaptic integration into the existing neural circuits. Hence, AN is implicated in structural and functional brain plasticity throughout life. Accumulating evidence shows that impaired AN may underlie some of the abnormal behavioral phenotypes seen in ASD. In this review, we approach the interconnections between the molecular pathways related to AN and ASD. We also discuss existing therapeutic approaches targeting such pathways both in preclinical and clinical studies. A deeper understanding of how ASD and AN reciprocally affect one another could reveal important converging pathways leading to the emergence of psychiatric disorders.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: Journal of neurochemistry
Pages or article number: 452
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1471-4159
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jnc.15501
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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