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Authors: Rokni, Ghasem Rahmatpour
Mohammadnezhad, Farzaneh
Saeedi, Majid
Shadi, Shiva
Sharma, Aseem
Sandhu, Sunmeet
Gupta, Atula
Goldust, Mohamad
Title: Efficacy, tolerability, and safety of montelukast versus finasteride for the treatment of moderate acne in women : a prospective, randomized, single-blinded, active-controlled trial
Online publication date: 6-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Background Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disease which involves the pilosebaceous unit. Tissue inflammation isone of the crucial mechanisms, amongst others. Of the various cytokines, leukotriene B4 (LT-B4) is the most potentleucocyte chemotactic mediator. Montelukast is an antagonist of the LT-B4 receptor. Finasteride is an antiandrogen whichspecifically inhibits the 5α-reductase enzyme. Aims This study aimed at comparing the efficacy, tolerability and safety of montelukast versus finasteride in the treatmentof moderate acne in women. Patients/Method This randomized, single-blinded, prospective trial over 12 weeks recruited 65 female subjects with moderate acne vulgaris (Global Acne Grading System Scale) for evaluation. One group (n = 30) received oral montelukast (10 mg PO daily), while the second group (n = 25) received oral finasteride (2.5 mg PO daily) in combination with topical clindamycin 2% solution. Lesion count and acne severity were evaluated at time intervals of 0 (baseline), 4, 8, and 12 weeks. Adverse effects of the drugs were noted. Results Both lesion count and severity of acne decreased significantly after treatment in both the groups as compared to the baseline. The acne severity score reached from 33.93 in time zero to 20.6 in the 12th week and 35.71 at baseline to 16.43 at the end of treatment in the Montelukast and Finasteride groups, respectively. Side effects were noted in 3 patients and 2 patients in the monteleukast and finasteride group, respectively, which were transient and non-serious in nature proving the satisfactory tolerability and safety of these two drugs. Conclusion The results of this study show that both montelukast and finasteride have good efficacy in the treatment of acne. Finasteride has more efficacy than montelukast for treating moderate acne in normo-androgenic women.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
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Journal: Journal of cosmetic dermatology
Pages or article number: 3580
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher place: Oxford
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1473-2165
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/jocd.14462
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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