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Authors: Hackenberg, Berit
Döge, Julia
Lackner, Karl J.
Beutel, Manfred E.
Münzel, Thomas
Pfeiffer, Norbert
Nagler, Markus
Schmidtmann, Irene
Wild, Philipp S.
Matthias, Christoph
Bahr, Katharina
Title: Hearing loss and its burden of disease in a large German cohort—hearing loss in Germany
Online publication date: 5-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Objectives/Hypothesis Hearing loss is the most common sensory impairment worldwide. It restricts patients in many aspects of their daily lives and can lead to social exclusion. Understanding this burden is a mandatory requirement for the care of those affected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to estimate the burden of hearing loss in a large German cohort. Study Design Cohort study. Methods The Gutenberg Health Study is designed as a single-center, prospective, and observational cohort study and representative for the city of Mainz, Germany, with its district. Participants were interviewed concerning common otologic symptoms and tested by pure-tone audiometry. The primary outcome was hearing impairment stratified by age and sex. The prevalence of tinnitus was estimated for a subcohort to calculate disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). All results were weighted by the European Standard Population (ESP) 2013. Results A total of 5,024 participants (mean age: 61.2 years, 2,591 men and 2,433 women) were included in the study. Hearing impairment showed the following prevalence: 28.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 26.9%–29.4%) mild impairment, 10.1% (95% CI, 9.3%–11.0%) moderate impairment, 2.3% (95% CI, 1.9%–2.7%) moderately severe impairment, 0.2% (95% CI, 0.1%–0.4%) severe impairment, 0% (95% CI, 0.0%–0.1%) profound impairment, and 0.1% (95% CI, 0.0%–0.2%) complete impairment. Weighted for the ESP 2013 (all ages), hearing impairment across all levels (with/without tinnitus) causes a total of 2,118.97 DALYs per 100,000. Conclusion With 40.9% affected, the hearing loss represents a relevant burden of the German population. Understanding this will provide the basis for future guidelines on how to care for these patients.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: The laryngoscope
Pages or article number: 1843
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Malden, MA
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1531-4995
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/lary.29980
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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