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Authors: Man, Andy W. C.
Zhou, Yawen
Lam, Uyen D. P.
Reifenberg, Gisela
Werner, Anke
Habermeier, Alice
Closs, Ellen I.
Daiber, Andreas
Münzel, Thomas
Xia, Ning
Li, Huige
Title: L-Citrulline ameliorates pathophysiology in a rat model of superimposed preeclampsia
Online publication date: 5-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background and Purpose Preeclampsia, characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and restriction of fetal growth, is one of the leading causes of maternal and perinatal mortality. So far, there is no effective pharmacological therapy for preeclampsia. The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementation with l-citrulline in Dahl salt-sensitive rats, a model of superimposed preeclampsia. Experimental Approach Parental Dahl salt-sensitive rats were treated with l-citrulline (2.5 g·L−1 in drinking water) from the day of mating to the end of lactation period. Blood pressure was monitored throughout pregnancy and markers of preeclampsia were assessed. Endothelial function of the pregnant Dahl salt-sensitive rats was assessed by wire myograph. Key Results In Dahl salt-sensitive rats, l-citrulline supplementation significantly reduced maternal blood pressure, proteinuria and levels of circulating soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1. l-Citrulline improved maternal endothelial function by augmenting the production of nitric oxide in the aorta and improving endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor-mediated vasorelaxation in resistance arteries. l-Citrulline supplementation improved placental insufficiency and fetal growth, which were associated with an enhancement of angiogenesis and reduction of fibrosis and senescence in the placentas. In addition, l-citrulline down-regulated genes involved in the TLR4 and NF-κB signalling pathways. Conclusion and Implications This study shows that l-citrulline supplementation reduced gestational hypertension and improved placentation and fetal growth in a rat model of superimposed preeclampsia. l-Citrulline supplementation may provide an effective and safe therapeutic strategy for preeclampsia that benefits both the mother and the fetus.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
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Journal: British journal of pharmacology
Pages or article number: 3007
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Malden, MA
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1476-5381
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/bph.15783
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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