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Authors: Hopf, Susanne
Schuster, Alexander K.
Hennermann, Julia B.
Pfeiffer, Norbert
Pitz, Susanne
Title: Retinal thinning in phenylketonuria and Gaucher disease type 3
Online publication date: 1-Sep-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Purpose Retinal alterations in inherited metabolic diseases associated with neurodegeneration are poorly studied. The objective was to study retinal thickness, specifically the components of the ganglion cell complex (GCC)—nerve fiber layer (NFL), ganglion cell layer (GCL), and inner plexiform layer (IPL)—using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) in two different diseases with potential dopaminergic depletion, phenylketonuria (PKU) and Gaucher disease type 3 (GD3). Methods Retinal layers in 19 patients with PKU, 15 patients with GD3, and 93 healthy individuals were measured using peripapillary ring scan and macular SD-OCT. Linear mixed models were computed including an adjustment for age, sex, and spherical equivalent. We calculated Spearman’s rank correlations between retinal layer measurements and clinical and/or laboratory parameters. Results Thinning of total retinal thickness was found in the macular inner ring (p = 0.002), and outer ring (p = 0.012), sparing the fovea (p = 0.12) in PKU, while in GD3, all subfields were thinned (fovea p < 0.001, inner ring p = 0.047, outer ring 0.07). In both conditions, thinning was most evident in the NFL, GCL, and IPL, while OPL (outer plexiform layer) was thickened. Peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer measurements remained normal. GCL and IPL in PKU correlated with tyrosine serum concentration. Conclusion Thinning of the NFL, GCL, and IPL, with thickened OPL, are both found in PKU and in GD3. Low dopamine concentrations in the retina might promote these effects. However, these data do not give evidence that retinal measurements can be used as a biomarker for disease severity in patients with GD3.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Graefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology
Pages or article number: 1153
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Berlin u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1435-702X
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00417-021-05424-5
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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