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Authors: Gregório Hertz, Priscilla
Müller, Marcus
Barra, Steffen
Turner, Daniel
Rettenberger, Martin
Retz, Wolfgang
Title: The predictive and incremental validity of ADHD beyond the VRAG-R in a high-risk sample of young offenders
Online publication date: 21-Nov-2022
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: The VRAG-R is a well-established actuarial risk-assessment instrument, which was originally developed for assessing violent recidivism risk in adult male offenders. Whether or not the VRAG-R can also predict violent recidivism in young offenders is unclear so far. In the emergence of juvenile offending, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) seems to be of major importance suggesting that it could be relevant for risk assessment as well. Thus, we examined the predictive accuracy of the VRAG-R in a high-risk sample of N = 106 (M = 18.3 years, SD = 1.8) young offenders and assessed the incremental predictive validity of ADHD symptomatology beyond the VRAG-R. Within a mean follow-up time of M = 13 years (SD = 1.2), n = 65 (62.5%) young offenders recidivated with a violent offense. We found large effect sizes for the prediction of violent and general recidivism and re-incarcerations using the VRAG-R sum scores. Current ADHD symptomatology added incremental predictive validity beyond the VRAG-R sum scores concerning the prediction of general recidivism but not of violent recidivism. The results supported the use of the VRAG-R for predicting violent recidivism in young offenders. Because ADHD symptomatology improves the predictive performance of the VRAG-R regarding general recidivism, we argue that addressing ADHD symptoms more intensively in the juvenile justice system is of particular importance concerning a successful long-term risk management in adolescents and young adults.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience
Pages or article number: 1469
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Berlin u.a.
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1433-8491
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00406-021-01352-x
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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