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Authors: Heller, Sebastian
Tibubos, Ana Nanette
Hoff, Thilo A.
Werner, Antonia M.
Reichel, Jennifer L.
Mülder, Lina M.
Schäfer, Markus
Pfirrmann, Daniel
Stark, Birgit
Rigotti, Thomas
Simon, Perikles
Beutel, Manfred E.
Letzel, Stephan
Dietz, Pavel
Title: Potential risk groups and psychological, psychosocial, and health behavioral predictors of pharmacological neuroenhancement among university students in Germany
Online publication date: 6-Mar-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Aiming to develop and implement intervention strategies targeting pharmacological neuroenhancement (PN) among university students more specifically, we (1) assessed the prevalence of PN among German university students, (2) identified potential sociodemographic and study-related risk groups, and (3) investigated sociodemographic, psychological, study-related psychosocial, general psychosocial and health behavior related factors predicting the 12-month prevalence of PN. Therefore, a cross-sectional online survey was administered to students of the University of Mainz, Germany. A binary logistic regression with stepwise inclusion of the five variable groups was performed to predict PN. A total number of 4351 students out of 31,213 registered students (13.9%) participated in the survey, of which N = 3984 answered the question concerning PN. Of these, 10.4% had used one substance for PN at least once in the past 12 months. The regression analysis revealed 13 variables that were significantly related to the 12-month prevalence of PN. Specifically, the group of health behavior related variables showed the strongest relationship with PN. Therefore, an approach to the prevention of PN should be multifactorial so that it addresses social conditions, as well as education on substance use and healthy behaviors in terms of non-pharmacological strategies as alternatives of PN.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Scientific reports
Pages or article number: 937
Publisher: Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 2045-2322
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-04891-y
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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