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Authors: Ruf, Wolfram
Title: Roles of factor Xa beyond coagulation
Online publication date: 24-Aug-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Oral anticoagulant therapy has changed by clinical evidence that coagulation factor Xa (FXa) can be safely and effectively targeted for thromboprophylaxis. Because thrombotic and thrombo-inflammatory diseases are frequently caused by excessive activation of the tissue factor (TF) pathway, activation of FX by the TF-FVIIa complex is of central importance for understanding the roles of FXa in thrombosis and hemostasis and functions beyond blood coagulation. Recent data showed that the nascent product FXa associated with TF-FVIIa not only supports hemostatic cofactor VIII activation, but also broadly influences immune reactions in inflammation, cancer, and autoimmunity. These signaling functions of FXa are mediated through protease activated receptor (PAR) cleavage and PAR2 activation occurs in extravascular environments specifically by macrophage synthesized FX. Cell autonomous FXa-PAR2 signaling is a mechanism for tumor-promoting macrophage polarization in the tumor microenvironment and tissue penetrance of oral FXa inhibitors favors the reprogramming of tumor-associated macrophages for non-coagulant therapeutic benefit. It is necessary to decipher the distinct functions of coagulation factors synthesized by the liver for circulation in blood versus those synthesized by extrahepatic immune cells for activity in tissue milieus. This research will lead to a better understanding of the broader roles of FXa as a central regulator of immune and hematopoietic systems.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Journal of thrombosis and thrombolysis
Pages or article number: 391
Publisher: Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Publisher place: Dordrecht u.a.
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1573-742X
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s11239-021-02458-8
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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