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Authors: Vaupel, Peter
Flood, Ann Barry
Swartz, Harold M.
Title: Oxygenation status of malignant tumors vs. tormal tissues : critical evaluation and updated data source based on direct measurements with pO2 microsensors
Online publication date: 8-Aug-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Immature and chaotic vascular networks with critically increased intervascular distances are characteristic features of malignant tumors. Spatial and temporal heterogeneities of blood flow and associated availabilities of O2, together with limited diffusive O2 transport, and -in some patients- anemia, obligatorily lead to tumor hypoxia (= critically reduced O2 levels) on macro- and microscopic scales. This detrimental condition, recently classified as a key hallmark of malignant growth, acts (a) as a barrier in most antitumor treatments, and (b) leads to malignant progression based on hypoxia-induced changes of the genome, transcriptome, and proteome, and finally to poor patient survival. This knowledge is, to a great extent, based on the systematic detection of tumor hypoxia in the clinical setting since the late 1980s. Precise assessment of the tumor oxygenation status was made possible using minimally invasive polarographic pO2 microsensors in a series of research projects. To assess tumor hypoxia in the clinical setting, it is highly desirable to use technologies with (a) high spatial and temporal resolutions, (b) the capability to judge the severity of tumor hypoxia, (c) to allow mapping of pO2 of the whole tumor mass, and (d) to enable serial investigations in order to verify treatment-related changes in tumor hypoxia. Selection and treatment of cancer patients according to their individual tumor oxygenation/hypoxia status for intensified and/or personalized hypoxia-targeted treatment strategies should be the ultimate goal.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Applied magnetic resonance
Pages or article number: 1451
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Wien u.a.
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1613-7507
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00723-021-01383-6
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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