Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Authors: Mann, Klaus
Gröschel, Sonja
Singer, Susanne
Breitmaier, Jörg
Claus, Sylvia
Fani, Markus
Rambach, Stephan
Salize, Hans-Joachim
Lieb, Klaus
Title: Evaluation of coercive measures in different psychiatric hospitals : the impact of institutional characteristics
Online publication date: 18-May-2022
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Background Epidemiological studies have demonstrated considerable differences in the use of coercive measures among psychiatric hospitals; however, the underlying reasons for these differences are largely unclear. We investigated to what extent these differences could be explained by institutional factors. Methods Four psychiatric hospitals with identical responsibilities within the mental health care system, but with different inpatient care organizations, participated in this prospective observational study. We included all patients admitted over a period of 24 months who were affected by mechanical restraint, seclusion, or compulsory medication. In addition to the patterns of coercive measures, we investigated the effect of each hospital on the frequency of compulsory medication and the cumulative duration of mechanical restraint and seclusion, using multivariate binary logistic regression. To compare the two outcomes between hospitals, odds ratios (OR) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Results Altogether, coercive measures were applied in 1542 cases, corresponding to an overall prevalence of 8%. The frequency and patterns of the modalities of coercive measures were different between hospitals, and the differences could be at least partially related to institutional characteristics. For the two hospitals that had no permanently locked wards, certain findings were particularly noticeable. In one of these hospitals, the probability of receiving compulsory medication was significantly higher compared with the other institutions (OR 1.9, CI 1.1–3.0 for patients < 65 years; OR 8.0, CI 3.1–20.7 for patients ≥65 years); in the other hospital, in patients younger than 65 years, the cumulative duration of restraint and seclusion was significantly longer compared with the other institutions (OR 2.6, CI 1.7–3.9). Conclusions The findings are compatible with the hypothesis that more open settings are associated with a more extensive use of coercion. However, due to numerous influencing factors, these results should be interpreted with caution. In view of the relevance of this issue, further research is needed for a deeper understanding of the reasons underlying the differences among hospitals.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: BMC psychiatry
Pages or article number: 419
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1471-244X
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12888-021-03410-z
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

Files in This Item:
  File Description SizeFormat
evaluation_of_coercive_measur-20220518120049291.pdf799.5 kBAdobe PDFView/Open