Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-6906
Authors: Esper, Jan
Konter, Oliver
Klippel, Lara
Krusic, Paul J.
Büntgen, Ulf
Title: Pre-instrumental summer precipitation variability in northwestern Greece from a high-elevation Pinus heldreichii network
Online publication date: 26-Apr-2022
Language: english
Abstract: The spatiotemporal variability of precipitation is of vital importance to Mediterranean ecology and economy, but pre-instrumental changes are not well understood. Here, we present a millennial-length June–July precipitation reconstruction derived from a network of 22 Pinus heldreichii high-elevation sites in the Pindus Mountains of northwestern Greece. Tree-ring width chronologies from these sites cohere exceptionally well over the past several hundred years (r1467–2015 = 0.64) revealing coherence at inter-annual to centennial timescales across the network. The network mean calibrates significantly against instrumental June–July precipitation over the past 40 years (r1976–2015 = 0.71), even though no high-elevation observational record is available representing the moist conditions at the treeline above 1,900 m a.s.l. For the final reconstruction, the instrumental target data are adjusted to provide realistic estimates of high-elevation summer rainfall back to 729 CE. The reconstruction contains substantially more low-frequency variability than other high-resolution hydroclimate records from the eastern Mediterranean including extended dry periods from 1,350 to 1,379 CE (39 ± 4.5 mm) and 913 to 942 (40 ± 8.4 mm), and moist periods from 862 to 891 (86 ± 11 mm) and 1,522 to 1,551 (80 ± 3.5 mm), relative to the long-term mean of 61 mm. The most recent 30-year period from 1986 to 2015 is characterized by above average June–July precipitation (73 ± 2 mm). Low-frequency changes in summer precipitation are likely related to variations in the position and persistence of storm tracks steering local depressions and causing extensive rainfall (or lack thereof) in high-elevation environments of the Pindus Mountains.
DDC: 550 Geowissenschaften
550 Earth sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
DOI: http://doi.org/10.25358/openscience-6906
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC-ND
Information on rights of use: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Journal: International journal of climatology
41
4
Pages or article number: 2828
2839
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Chichester u.a.
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1097-0088
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/joc.6992
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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