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Authors: Bassetti, Davide
Luhmann, Heiko J.
Kirischuk, Sergei
Title: Effects of mutations in TSC genes on neurodevelopment and synaptic transmission
Online publication date: 9-Nov-2021
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 genes are linked to alterations in neuronal function which ultimately lead to the development of a complex neurological phenotype. Here we review current research on the effects that reduction in TSC1 or TSC2 can produce on the developing neural network. A crucial feature of the disease pathophysiology appears to be an early deviation from typical neurodevelopment, in the form of structural abnormalities. Epileptic seizures are one of the primary early manifestation of the disease in the CNS, followed by intellectual deficits and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Research using mouse models suggests that morphological brain alterations might arise from the interaction of different cellular types, and hyperexcitability in the early postnatal period might be transient. Moreover, the increased excitation-to-inhibition ratio might represent a transient compensatory adjustment to stabilize the developing network rather than a primary factor for the development of ASD symptoms. The inhomogeneous results suggest region-specificity as well as an evolving picture of functional alterations along development. Furthermore, ASD symptoms and epilepsy might originate from different but potentially overlapping mechanisms, which can explain recent observations obtained in patients. Potential treatment is determined not only by the type of medicament, but also by the time point of treatment.
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: International journal of molecular sciences
Pages or article number: 7273
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1422-0067
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijms22147273
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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