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Authors: Wiesmann, Nadine
Gieringer, Rita
Viel, Melanie
Eckrich, Jonas
Tremel, Wolfgang
Brieger, Juergen
Title: Zinc oxide nanoparticles can intervene in radiation-induced senescence and eradicate residual tumor cells
Online publication date: 10-Sep-2021
Year of first publication: 2021
Language: english
Abstract: Despite recent advancements in tumor therapy, metastasis and tumor relapse remain major complications hindering the complete recovery of many cancer patients. Dormant tumor cells, which reside in the body, possess the ability to re-enter the cell cycle after therapy. This phenomenon has been attributed to therapy-induced senescence. We show that these cells could be targeted by the use of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs). In the present study, the properties of tumor cells after survival of 16 Gy gamma-irradiation were investigated in detail. Analysis of morphological features, proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and protein expression revealed classical hallmarks of senescent cells among the remnant cell mass after irradiation. The observed radiation-induced senescence was associated with the increased ability to withstand further irradiation. Additionally, tumor cells were able to re-enter the cell cycle and proliferate again after weeks. Treatment with ZnO NPs was evaluated as a therapeutical approach to target senescent cells. ZnO NPs were suitable to induce cell death in senescent, irradiation-resistant tumor cells. Our findings underline the pathophysiological relevance of remnant tumor cells that survived first-line radiotherapy. Additionally, we highlight the therapeutic potential of ZnO NPs for targeting senescent tumor cells.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Cancers
Pages or article number: 2989
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 2072-6694
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/cancers13122989
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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