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Authors: Veer, Ilya M.
Riepenhausen, Antje
Zerban, Matthias
Wackerhagen, Carolin
Puhlmann, Lara M. C.
Engen, Haakon
Köber, Göran
Bögemann, Sophie A.
Weermeijer, Jeroen
Uściłko, Aleksandra
Mor, Netali
Marciniak, Marta A.
Dahl Askelund, Adrian
Al-Kamel, Abbas
Ayash, Sarah
Barsuola, Giulia
Bartkute-Norkuniene, Vaida
Battaglia, Simone
Bobko, Yaryna
Bölte, Sven
Cardone, Paolo
Chvojková, Edita
Damnjanović, Kaja
De Calheiros Velozo, Joana
de Thurah, Lena
Deza-Araujo, Yacila I.
Dimitrov, Annika
Farkas, Kinga
Feller, Clémence
Gazea, Mary
Gilan, Donya
Gnjidić, Vedrana
Hajduk, Michal
Hiekkaranta, Anu P.
Hofgaard, Live S.
Ilen, Laura
Kasanova, Zuzana
Khanpour, Mohsen
Lau, Bobo Hi Po
Lenferink, Dionne B.
Lindhardt, Thomas B.
Magas, Dávid Á.
Mituniewicz, Julian
Moreno-López, Laura
Muzychka, Sofiia
Ntafouli, Maria
O´Leary, Aet
Paparella, Ilenia
Põldver, Nele
Rintala, Aki
Robak, Natalia
Rosická, Anna M.
Røysamb, Espen
Sadeghi, Siavash
Schneider, Maude
Siugzdaite, Roma
Stantić, Mirta
Teixeira, Ana
Todorovic, Ana
Wan, Wendy W. N.
Dick, Rolf van
Lieb, Klaus
Kleim, Birgit
Hermans, Erno J.
Kobylińska, Dorota
Hendler, Talma
Binder, Harald
Myin-Germeys, Inez
Leeuwen, Judith M. C. van
Tüscher, Oliver
Yuen, Kenneth S. L.
Walter, Henrik
Raffael, Kalisch
Title: Psycho-social factors associated with mental resilience in the Corona lockdown
Online publication date: 18-Aug-2021
Language: english
Abstract: The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is not only a threat to physical health but is also having severe impacts on mental health. Although increases in stress-related symptomatology and other adverse psycho-social outcomes, as well as their most important risk factors have been described, hardly anything is known about potential protective factors. Resilience refers to the maintenance of mental health despite adversity. To gain mechanistic insights about the relationship between described psycho-social resilience factors and resilience specifically in the current crisis, we assessed resilience factors, exposure to Corona crisis-specific and general stressors, as well as internalizing symptoms in a cross-sectional online survey conducted in 24 languages during the most intense phase of the lockdown in Europe (22 March to 19 April) in a convenience sample of N = 15,970 adults. Resilience, as an outcome, was conceptualized as good mental health despite stressor exposure and measured as the inverse residual between actual and predicted symptom total score. Preregistered hypotheses ( were tested with multiple regression models and mediation analyses. Results confirmed our primary hypothesis that positive appraisal style (PAS) is positively associated with resilience (p < 0.0001). The resilience factor PAS also partly mediated the positive association between perceived social support and resilience, and its association with resilience was in turn partly mediated by the ability to easily recover from stress (both p < 0.0001). In comparison with other resilience factors, good stress response recovery and positive appraisal specifically of the consequences of the Corona crisis were the strongest factors. Preregistered exploratory subgroup analyses ( showed that all tested resilience factors generalize across major socio-demographic categories. This research identifies modifiable protective factors that can be targeted by public mental health efforts in this and in future pandemics.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: Translational Psychiatry
Pages or article number: 67
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Publisher place: London
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 2158-3188
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41398-020-01150-4
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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