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Authors: Staubitz, Julia I.
Bode, Julia
Poplawski, Alicia
Watzka, Felix
Pohlenz, Joachim
Lang, Hauke
Musholt, Thomas J.
Title: Thyroid surgery in children and young adults : potential overtreatment and complications
Online publication date: 26-May-2021
Year of first publication: 2020
Language: english
Abstract: PURPOSE Thyroid nodules in the pediatric population are more frequently associated with malignant thyroid disease than in adult cohorts. Yet, there is a potential risk of surgical overtreatment. With this single center study, an analysis of potential overtreatment for suspected malignant thyroid disease in children and young adults was aimed for. METHODS In a period from 2005 to 2018, 155 thyroid operations in children and young adults performed at the University Medical Center Mainz, Germany, were analyzed (patient age 3–20 years, 117 female). Cases were categorized for preoperative diagnosis: non-malignant (group I, n = 45) and malignant thyroid disease (group II, n = 110). Postoperative parameters (histology, complication rates) were assessed and compared between groups. RESULTS 91.1% of group I were histologically benign. 44.5% of group II harbored malignancy. Permanent hypoparathyroidism was documented in group I (2.7%) and in group II (1.4%, p = 1.000). Wound infections were absent in group I but observed in group II (0.9%, p = 1.000). Transient vocal cord palsy was recorded only in group I (2.3%, 2/85 vs. 0/177 nerves at risk, p = 0.104). Permanent vocal cord palsies were absent. CONCLUSION Preoperative diagnoses were correct in over 90% of group I and in nearly 45% of group II. The high proportion of carcinomas in group II ruled out the issue of potential overtreatment. The risk of severe postoperative complications was equally low in both patient groups.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Langenbeck's archives of surgery
Pages or article number: 451
Publisher: Springer
Publisher place: Berlin u.a.
Issue date: 2020
ISSN: 1435-2451
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s00423-020-01896-x
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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