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|Authors:||Bastianon, Christina Diane|
Klein, Eva M.
Tibubos, Ana Nanette
Beutel, Manfred E.
|Title:||Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) psychometric properties in migrants and native Germans|
|Online publication date:||27-Apr-2021|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND With the increasing diversity of the German population, it is important to test the psychometric validity and reliability of the German version Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) specifically between German natives and residents with a migration background. METHODS Using nationally representative data (N = 2527), this study conducted an Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) to determine the most appropriate factor structure, a Multi-Group Confirmatory Factor Analysis (MGCFA) to compare the validity of the two-factor structure and tested the PSS-10 measurement invariance between the German native and migrant sub-samples. Lastly, reliability of the PSS-10 was examined via Cronbach’s alpha, omega and individual item analyses across the two sub-samples. RESULTS The EFA results support a two-factor structure in the migrant sample. The MGCFA showed adequate model fit for both sub-samples and the PSS-10 is strict invariant between German natives and migrants. Cronbach’s alpha and omega for Perceived Helplessness (PHS: factor 1) and Perceived Self-Efficacy (PSES: factor 2) demonstrate good internal consistency in both German and migrant sub-samples. CONCLUSIONS The key conclusions are: (1) the German version PSS-10 is suitable for German residents with a migration background. (2) Despite good internal consistency for the total scale, the PSS-10 measures two aspects: (a) perceived helplessness and (b) perceived self-efficacy. Future research would profit from analyzing the two subscales separately, not only using the total score.|
610 Medical sciences
|Institution:||Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz|
|Department:||FB 04 Medizin|
|Information on rights of use:||https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/|
|Pages or article number:||450|
|Appears in collections:||JGU-Publikationen|
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