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Authors: Schupp, Jonathan
Christians, Arne
Zimmer, Niklas
Gleue, Lukas
Jonuleit, Helmut
Helm, Mark
Tüttenberg, Andrea
Title: In-depth immune-oncology studies of the tumor microenvironment in a humanized melanoma mouse model
Online publication date: 9-Nov-2021
Language: english
Abstract: The presence and interaction of immune cells in the tumor microenvironment is of significant importance and has a great impact on disease progression and response to therapy. Hence, their identification is of high interest for prognosis and treatment decisions. Besides detailed phenotypic analyses of immune, as well as tumor cells, spatial analyses is an important parameter in the complex interplay of neoplastic and immune cells—especially when moving into focus efforts to develop and validate new therapeutic strategies. Ex vivo analysis of tumor samples by immunohistochemistry staining methods conserves spatial information is restricted to single markers, while flow cytometry (disrupting tissue into single cell suspensions) provides access to markers in larger numbers. Nevertheless, this comes at the cost of scarifying morphological information regarding tissue localization and cell–cell contacts. Further detrimental effects incurred by, for example, tissue digestion include staining artifacts. Consequently, ongoing efforts are directed towards methods that preserve, completely or in part, spatial information, while increasing the number of markers that can potentially be interrogated to the level of conventional flow cytometric methods. Progression in multiplex immunohistochemistry in the last ten years overcame the limitation to 1–2 markers in classical staining methods using DAB with counter stains or even pure chemical staining methods. In this study, we compared the multiplex method Chipcytometry to flow cytometry and classical IHCP using DAB and hematoxylin. Chipcytometry uses frozen or paraffin-embedded tissue sections stained with readily available commercial fluorophore-labeled antibodies in repetitive cycles of staining and bleaching. The iterative staining approach enables sequential analysis of a virtually unlimited number of markers on the same sample, thereby identifying immune cell subpopulations in the tumor microenvironment in the present study in a humanized mouse melanoma model. Keywords: Chipcytometry multiplex immunohistochemistry melanoma humanized mice tumor microenvironment flow cytometry
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
Information on rights of use:
Journal: International journal of molecular sciences
Pages or article number: 1011
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2021
ISSN: 1422-0067
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijms22031011
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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