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Authors: Guardo, Roberto
De Siena, Luca
Dreidemie, C.
Title: Mt. Etna feeding system and sliding flank : a new 3D image from earthquakes distribution in a customisable GIS
Online publication date: 5-Jan-2021
Year of first publication: 2020
Language: english
Abstract: High-resolution seismic imaging enables the reconstruction of ascending paths of magma and fluids, shallow molten accumulation and flank collapse areas, all crucial information for developing an efficient eruption forecasting strategy. Here, the Marching Cubes algorithm (MC - generally applied to medical visualization and three-dimensional (3D) modeling) is applied to 16 years of earthquake location data at Mt. Etna (Italy). The algorithm defines three-dimensional seismic clusters that take into account seismic location uncertainties and are embedded in a novel volcano-oriented Geographyc Information Systems (VolGIS) offering an interpretational environment comprising tomographic images and alternative geophysical models. The results show that a volume of very-low-seismicity is embedded in a high-velocity body, and acts as a zone of transition between transient magmatic events (west) and eastern deep seismicity related to the sliding eastern flank. The eastern cluster represents the 3D seismic signature of a deep (2–8 km below sea level) instability, affecting the portion of the eastern flank nearest to the feeding systems. This instability is likely caused by a combination of gravitational spreading and magmatic intrusions.
DDC: 550 Geowissenschaften
550 Earth sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Frontiers in Earth Science
Pages or article number: 589925
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Publisher place: Lausanne
Issue date: 2020
ISSN: 2296-6463
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/feart.2020.589925
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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