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Authors: Carroccio, Antonio
Mansueto, Pasquale
Soresi, Maurizio
Fayer, Francesca
Di Liberto, Diana
Monguzzi, Erika
Lo Pizzo, Marianna
La Blasca, Francesco
Geraci, Girolamo
Pecoraro, Alice
Dieli, Francesco
Schuppan, Detlef
Title: Wheat consumption leads to immune activation and symptom worsening in patients with familial mediterranean fever : a pilot randomized trial
Online publication date: 26-Oct-2020
Year of first publication: 2020
Language: english
Abstract: We have identified a clinical association between self-reported non-celiac wheat sensitivity (NCWS) and Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF). Objectives: A) To determine whether a 2-week double-blind placebo-controlled (DBPC) cross-over wheat vs. rice challenge exacerbates the clinical manifestations of FMF; B) to evaluate innate immune responses in NCWS/FMF patients challenged with wheat vs. rice. The study was conducted at the Department of Internal Medicine of the University Hospital of Palermo and the Hospital of Sciacca, Italy. Six female volunteers with FMF/NCWS (mean age 36 ± 6 years) were enrolled, 12 age-matched non-FMF, NCWS females, and 8 sex- and age-matched healthy subjects served as controls. We evaluated: 1. clinical symptoms by the FMF-specific AIDAI (Auto-Inflammatory Diseases Activity Index) score; 2. serum soluble CD14 (sCD14), C-reactive protein (CRP), and serum amyloid A (SSA); 3. circulating CD14+ monocytes expressing interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α. The AIDAI score significantly increased in FMF patients during DBPC with wheat, but not with rice (19 ± 6.3 vs. 7 ± 1.6; p = 0.028). sCD14 values did not differ in FMF patients before and after the challenge, but were higher in FMF patients than in healthy controls (median values 11357 vs. 8710 pg/ml; p = 0.002). The percentage of circulating CD14+/IL-1β+ and of CD14+/TNF-α+ monocytes increased significantly after DBPC with wheat vs. baseline or rice challenge. Self-reported NCWS can hide an FMF diagnosis. Wheat ingestion exacerbated clinical and immunological features of FMF. Future studies performed on consecutive FMF patients recruited in centers for auto-inflammatory diseases will determine the real frequency and relevance of this association.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Nutrients
Pages or article number: Art. 1127
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2020
ISSN: 2072-6643
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/nu12041127
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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