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Authors: Geyer, Martin
Wild, Johannes
Hirschmann, Marc
Dimitriadis, Zisis
Münzel, Thomas
Gori, Tommaso
Wenzel, Philip
Title: Predictors for target vessel failure after recanalization of chronic total occlusions in patients undergoing surveillance coronary angiography
Online publication date: 10-Jun-2020
Language: english
Abstract: (1) Background: Knowledge about predictors for the long-time patency of recanalized chronic total coronary occlusions (CTOs) is limited. Evidence from invasive follow-up in the absence of acute coronary syndrome (routine surveillance coronary angiography) is scarce. (2) Methods: In a monocentric-retrospective analysis, we obtained baseline as well as periprocedural data of patients undergoing routine invasive follow-up. We defined target vessel failure (TVF) as a combined primary endpoint, consisting of re-occlusion, restenosis, and target vessel revascularization (TVR). (3) Results: We included 93 consecutive patients (15.1% female) from October 2013 to May 2018. After a follow-up period of 206 ± 129 days (median 185 (IQR 127–237)), re-occlusion had occurred in 7.5%, restenosis in 11.8%, and TVR in 5.4%; the cumulative incidence of TVF was 15.1%. Reduced TIMI-flow immediately after recanalization (OR for TVR: 11.0 (95% CI: 2.7–45.5), p = 0.001) as well as female gender (OR for TVR: 11.0 (95% CI: 2.1–58.5), p = 0.005) were found to be predictive for pathological angiographic findings at follow-up. Furthermore, higher blood values of high-sensitive troponin after successful revascularization were associated with all endpoints. Interestingly, neither the J-CTO score nor the presence of symptoms at the follow-up visit could be correlated to adverse angiographic results. (4) Conclusions: In this medium-sized cohort of patients with surveillance coronary angiography, we were able to identify reduced TIMI flow and female gender as the strongest predictors for future TVF. Keywords: chronic total occlusion; target vessel failure; re-occlusion; surveillance coronary angiography
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-598675
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Pages or article number: Art. 178
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2020
ISSN: 2077-0383
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/jcm9010178
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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