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Authors: Kiouptsi, Klytaimnistra
Finger, Stefanie
Garlapati, Venkata S.
Knorr, Maike
Brandt, Moritz
Walter, Ulrich
Wenzel, Philip
Reinhardt, Christoph
Title: Hypoxia evokes increased PDI and PDIA6 expression in the infarcted myocardium of ex-germ-free and conventionally raised mice
Online publication date: 8-Jan-2019
Language: english
Abstract: The prototypic protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), encoded by the P4HB gene, has been described as a survival factor in ischemic cardiomyopathy. However, the role of protein disulfide isomerase associated 6 (PDIA6) under hypoxic conditions in the myocardium remains enigmatic, and it is unknown whether the gut microbiota influences the expression of PDI and PDIA6 under conditions of acute myocardial infarction. Here, we revealed that, in addition to the prototypic PDI, the PDI family member PDIA6, a regulator of the unfolded protein response, is upregulated in the mouse cardiomyocyte cell line HL-1 when cultured under hypoxia. In vivo, in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) ligation mouse model of acute myocardial infarction, similar to PDI, PDIA6 protein expression was enhanced in the infarcted area (LAD ) relative to uninfarcted sham tissue or the neighbouring area at risk (LAD–) of C57BL/6J mice. Interestingly, we found that ex-germ-free (ex-GF) mice subjected to the LAD ligation model for 24 h had a reduced ejection fraction compared with their conventionally raised (CONV-R) SPF controls. Furthermore, the LAD area in the infarcted heart of ex-GF mice showed reduced PDIA6 expression relative to CONV-R controls, suggesting that the presence of a gut microbiota enhanced LAD ligation-triggered PDIA6 expression. Collectively, our results demonstrate that PDIA6 is upregulated in cardiomyocytes as a consequence of hypoxia. In the LAD mouse model, PDIA6 was also increased in the infarcted area under in vivo conditions, but this increase was suppressed in ex-GF mice relative to CONV-R controls.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
URN: urn:nbn:de:hebis:77-publ-587638
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Biology open
Pages or article number: bio038851
Publisher: Company
Publisher place: Cambridge
Issue date: 2019
ISSN: 2046-6390
Publisher URL:
Publisher DOI: 10.1242/bio.038851
Appears in collections:JGU-Publikationen

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