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Authors: Zahnreich, Sebastian
El Guerzyfy, Soumia
Kaufmann, Justus
Schmidberger, Heinz
Title: The cGAS/STING/IFN-1 response in squamous head and neck cancer cells after genotoxic challenges and abrogation of the ATR-Chk1 and Fanconi anemia axis
Online publication date: 21-Nov-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are often refractory to platinum-based radiochemotherapy and new immuno-oncological strategies. To stimulate immunogenic antitumor responses in HNSCC patients, we investigated the cGAS/STING/IFN-1 signaling pathway after genotoxic treatments and concomitant abrogation of the DNA damage response (DDR). For this purpose, FaDu and UM-SCC1 cells were exposed to X-rays or cisplatin and treated with an ATR or Chk1 inhibitor, or by Fanconi anemia gene A knockout (FANCA ko). We assessed clonogenic survival, cell cycle regulation, micronuclei, free cytosolic double-stranded DNA, and the protein expression and activity of the cGAS/STING/IFN-1 pathway and related players. Cell survival, regulation of G2/M arrest, and formation of rupture-prone cGAS-positive micronuclei after genotoxic treatments were most affected by ATR inhibition and FANCA ko. In UM-SCC-1 cells only, 8 Gy X-rays promoted IFN-1 expression unaltered by abrogation of the DDR or concomitant increased TREX1 expression. At a higher dose of 20 Gy, this effect was observed only for concurrent Chk1- or ATR-inhibition. FANCA ko or cisplatin treatment was ineffective in this regard. Our observations open new perspectives for the enhancement of cGAS/STING/IFN-1-mediated antitumor immune response in HNSCC by hypofractionated or stereotactic radiotherapy concepts in multimodal settings with immuno-oncological strategies.
DDC: 570 Biowissenschaften
570 Life sciences
610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: International journal of molecular sciences
Pages or article number: 14900
Publisher: Molecular Diversity Preservation International
Publisher place: Basel
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1422-0067
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijms241914900
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-G

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