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Authors: Ernst, Mareike
Zwerenz, Rüdiger
Michal, Matthias
Wiltink, Jörg
Tuin, Inka
Beutel, Manfred E.
Title: Ambivalent toward life, ambivalent toward psychotherapy? : An investigation of the helping alliance, motivation for treatment, and control expectancies in patients with suicidal ideation in inpatient psychotherapy
Online publication date: 12-Sep-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Background Research has found that patients with suicidal ideation (SI) are at high risk for unfavorable outcomes. The present work aimed to expand the knowledge about their characteristics and treatment success. Methods Data were drawn from a routine assessment of N = 460 inpatients. We used patients' self-report data as well as therapists' reports covering baseline characteristics, depression and anxiety symptoms (at the start and end of therapy), psychosocial stress factors, helping alliance, treatment motivation, and treatment-related control expectancies. In addition to group comparisons, we conducted tests of associations with treatment outcome. Results SI was reported by 232 patients (50.4% of the sample). It co-occurred with higher symptom burden, more psychosocial stress factors, and negation of help. Patients reporting SI were more likely to be dissatisfied with the treatment outcome (although their therapists were not). SI was related to higher levels of anxiety symptoms after treatment. In regression models of depression and anxiety symptoms, interactions of SI with the external control expectancy powerful others were observed, suggesting that in patients with frequent SI, this control expectancy hindered recovery. Discussion/Conclusion Patients reporting SI are a vulnerable group. Therapists could support them by addressing (potentially conflicting) motivations and control expectancies.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Suicide and life-threatening behavior
Pages or article number: 557
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher place: Hoboken, NJ u.a.
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1943-278X
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/sltb.12964
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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