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Authors: Hahn, Christoph
Rauschenbach, Moritz
Frey, Holger
Title: Merging styrene and diene structures to a cyclic diene : anionic polymerization of 1-vinylcyclohexene (VCH)
Online publication date: 12-Sep-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: We report the first anionic polymerization of 1-vinylcyclohexene (VCH). This structure may be considered as an intermediate between dienes and styrene. The polymerization of this cyclic 1,2-disubstituted 1,3-diene proceeded quantitatively in cyclohexane at 25 °C with sec-butyllithium as an initiator. The obtained polymers have well-controlled molecular weights in the range of 5 to 142 kg mol−1, controlled by the molar ratio of monomer and initiator, with narrow molecular weight distributions (Đ<1.07–1.20). In situ 1H NMR kinetic characterization revealed a weak gradient structure for the copolymers of styrene and VCH, (rSty=2.55, rVCH=0.39). P(VCH) obtained in cyclohexane with sec-BuLi as an initiator showed both 1,4- and 3,4-incorporation mode (ratio: 64 : 36). It was demonstrated that the microstructure of the resulting P(VCH) can be altered by the addition of a modifier (THF), resulting in increasing 3,4-microstructure (up to 78 %) and elevated glass-transition temperature up to 89 °C. Thus, the monomer VCH polymerizes carbanionically like a diene, however leading to rigid polymers with high glass transition temperature, which provides interesting options for combination with other dienes to well-defined polymer architectures and materials.
DDC: 540 Chemie
540 Chemistry and allied sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 09 Chemie, Pharmazie u. Geowissensch.
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Angewandte Chemie : international edition
Pages or article number: e202302907
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Publisher place: Weinheim
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1521-3773
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/anie.202302907
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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