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Authors: Wellbrock, Maike
Spix, Claudia
Ronckers, Cécile M.
Grabow, Desiree
Filbert, Anna-Liesa
Borkhardt, Arndt
Wollschläger, Daniel
Erdmann, Friederike
Title: Temporal patterns of childhood cancer survival 1991 to 2016 : a nationwide register-study based on data from the German Childhood Cancer Registry
Online publication date: 12-Sep-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Childhood cancer is the leading disease-related cause of death among under 15 year olds in Europe. Since primary preventive measures are lacking, improving survival probabilities and long-term well-being remain primary goals. With this report, we provide the first long-term assessment and interpretation of patterns in childhood cancer survival in Germany, covering a period of 30 years. Using data from the German Childhood Cancer Registry, we assessed temporal patterns of cancer survival among children (0-14 years) diagnosed in Germany from 1991 to 2016, by cancer type, age at diagnosis and sex. We calculated overall survival (OS) and average annual percentage changes of the respective 5-year OS estimates. OS improved across all cancer types, age groups as well as for boys and girls over time. Five-year OS for all childhood cancers combined increased from 77.8% in 1991-1995 to 86.5% in 2011-2016, with stronger improvements during the early 1990s. The most pronounced survival improvement was seen for acute myeloid leukaemia, at 2% annually and 5-year OS recently reaching 81.5%. Survival improvements for some diagnoses such as neuroblastoma, renal tumours and bone tumours have flattened out. Tremendous enhancements in diagnostics, treatment and supportive care have affected average survival improvements for most cancer types. Recently, survival improvements have decelerated overall and for some cancer types, it plateaued at an unsatisfactory level. As not all children benefited equally from the survival improvements, personal factors (eg, socioeconomic circumstances, health literacy, access to care) likely affect individual prognosis and warrant further investigation.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: International journal of cancer
Pages or article number: 742
Publisher: Wiley-Liss
Publisher place: Bognor Regis
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1097-0215
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/ijc.34556
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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