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Authors: Krenzlin, Viola
Schöche, Johannes
Walachowski, Sarah
Reinhardt, Christoph
Radsak, Markus P.
Bosmann, Markus
Title: Immunomodulation of neutrophil granulocyte functions by bacterial polyphosphates
Online publication date: 2-Aug-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Polyphosphates are highly conserved, linear polymers of monophosphates that reside in all living cells. Bacteria produce long chains containing hundreds to thousands of phosphate units, which can interfere with host defense to infection. Here, we report that intratracheal long-chain polyphosphate administration to C57BL/6J mice resulted in the release of proinflammatory cytokines and influx of Ly6G+ polymorphonuclear neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid causing a disruption of the physiologic endothelial–epithelial small airway barrier and histologic signs of lung injury. Polyphosphate-induced effects were attenuated after neutrophil depletion in mice. In isolated murine neutrophils, long-chain polyphosphates modulated cytokine release induced by lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from Gram-negative bacteria or lipoteichoic acid from Gram-positive bacteria. In addition, long-chain polyphosphates induced immune evasive effects in human neutrophils. In detail, long-chain polyphosphates downregulated CD11b and curtailed the phagocytosis of Escherichia coli particles by neutrophils. Polyphosphates modulated the migration capacity by inducing CD62L shedding resulting in CD62Llow and CD11blow neutrophils. The release of IL-8 induced by LPS was also significantly reduced. Pharmacologic blockade of PI3K with wortmannin antagonized long-chain polyphosphate-induced effects on LPS-induced IL-8 release. In conclusion, polyphosphates govern immunomodulation in murine and human neutrophils, suggesting polyphosphates as a therapeutic target for bacterial infections to restore innate immune defense.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: European journal of immunology
Pages or article number: 2250339
Publisher: Wiley-VCH
Publisher place: Weinheim
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1521-4141
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/eji.202250339
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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