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Authors: Fieß, Achim
Grabitz, Stephanie D.
Mildenberger, Eva
Urschitz, Michael S.
Fauer, Agnes
Hampel, Ulrike
Wasielica-Poslednik, Joanna
Zepp, Fred
Pfeiffer, Norbert
Schuster, Alexander K.
Title: A lower birth weight percentile is associated with central corneal thickness thinning : results from the Gutenberg Prematurity Eye Study (GPES)
Online publication date: 14-Apr-2023
Year of first publication: 2023
Language: english
Abstract: Purpose: Prematurity, prenatal growth restriction, and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) are associated with altered ocular geometry, such as a steeper corneal shape in childhood, but it is unclear whether perinatal history affects corneal thickness development, so this study investigated whether corneal thickness in adulthood is affected by perinatal history. Marterials and Methods: The Gutenberg Prematurity Eye Study (GPES) is a retrospective cohort study with a prospective ophthalmologic examination in Germany. The corneal thickness was measured by Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam HR, Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany), and the relationship between perinatal parameters respective birth weight percentile and corneal thickness at different locations was assessed using uni- and multivariable linear regression models. Covariates included age, sex, mean corneal radius, white-to-white distance, gestational age, birth weight percentile, ROP occurrence, and treatment. The main outcome measures were corneal thickness at the apex, the pupil center, and the corneal periphery. Results: The corneal thickness was measured in 390 participants (754 eyes, mean age 29.7+/-8.7 years, 224 females). In multivariable analyses, a lower birth weight percentile was associated with a lower corneal thickness at the apex (B = 0.20, p = 0.003) and the pupil (B = 0.19, p = 0.007). These effects diminished towards the corneal periphery and were not observed beyond the 4-mm diameter circle around the thinnest corneal position. Neither gestational age, ROP occurrence, or ROP treatment affected the corneal thickness. Conclusion: A lower birth weight percentile in subjects born preterm as a proxy for restricted fetal growth is associated with corneal thickness thinning in adults aged 18 to 52 years, indicating that corneal thickness development, particularly in the corneal center, may originate in the fetal stage.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY-NC-ND
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Journal: Journal of optometry
Pages or article number: 143
Publisher: Elsevier
Publisher place: Madrid
Issue date: 2023
ISSN: 1989-1342
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.optom.2022.07.001
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-D

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