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Authors: Otten, Daniëlle
Ernst, Mareike
Werner, Antonia M.
Tibubos, Ana N.
Reiner, Iris
Brähler, Elmar
Wiltink, Jörg
Michal, Matthias
Nagler, Markus
Wild, Philipp S.
Münzel, Thomas
König, Jochem
Lackner, Karl J.
Peiffer, Norbert
Beutel, Manfred E.
Title: Depressive symptoms predict the incidence of common chronic diseases in women and men in a representative community sample
Online publication date: 4-May-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background: Depression, the most frequent and harmful mental disorder, has been associated with specific somatic diseases as the leading cause of death. The purposes of this prospective study were to predict incident chronic diseases based on baseline depressive symptoms and to test sex-dependent effects. Methods: In a representative German community sample of over 12 000 participants, baseline depressive symptoms (assessed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9) were tested as a predictor of new onset of cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic obstructive lung disease, diabetes, cancer, and migraine at 5-year follow-up. To study disease incidence, we created subsamples for each chronic disease by excluding participants who already had the respective disease at baseline. Potential confounders were included in logistic regression models and sex-specific analyses were performed. Results: Controlling for demographic characteristics and loneliness, in men and women, baseline depressive symptoms were predictive of CVD, chronic obstructive lung disease, diabetes, and migraine, but not of cancer. When we additionally adjusted for metabolic and lifestyle risk factors, there was an 8% increase of chronic obstructive lung disease and migraine per point of depressive symptoms. There was a trend for CVD (4%; p = 0.053). Sex-sensitive analyses revealed trends for the relevance of depressive symptoms for CVD in men (p = 0.065), and for diabetes in women (p = 0.077). Conclusions: These findings underscore the need to implement screening for depression in the treatment of major somatic illnesses. At the same time, depressed patients should be screened for metabolic and lifestyle risk factors and for somatic diseases and offered lifestyle interventions.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
Document type specification: Scientific article
License: CC BY
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Journal: Psychological Medicine
Version of Record (VoR)
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publisher place: Cambridge
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1469-8978
Publisher DOI: 10.1017/S0033291722000861
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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