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Authors: Sagheb, Kawe
Blatt, Sebastian
Rahimi-Nedjat, Roman-Kia
Lingawi, Abdullatif
Schiegnitz, Eik
Kumar, Vinay V.
Walter, Christian
Sagheb, Keyvan
Title: Oral squamous cell carcinomas developing from oral lichen planus: a 5–21 year retrospective study
Online publication date: 2-Feb-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background and Aims There is insufficient data regarding clinical characteristics, relapse rates, as well as lymph node metastasis of squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity (OSCC) developing from oral lichen planus (OLP-OSCC). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, as well as relapse, recurrence and survival rates of OLP-OSCC. Methods In a retrospective monocenter analysis, all consecutive patients with an OSCC treated in the time period 1st January 2000–December 31 2016 were reviewed. All patients with OSCC developing from OLP/OLL (oral lichenoid lesions) were identified and analyzed for epidemiological data, risk profile, location of primary tumor, pTNM classification, lymph node metastasis, primary therapy, recurrence, and outcome. Results A total of 103 patients (45%♂/ 55%♀) with an average age of 62 ± 14 year were included in this study. At the time of initial diagnosis, 17% (n = 18) of patients had cervical metastases (CM) whereas only 11% (11 patients) displayed advanced tumor sizes (T > 2). T-status (p = 0.003) and histopathological grading (p = 0.001) had an impact on the incidence of CM. 39.6% of the patients developed a relapse after an average of 24 months with a mean of two recurrences per patient. Advanced tumor size had a significant impact on the 5 year overall survival and was associated with disease-free survival of the patients (p < 0.001, respectively p = 0.004). Conclusion Although initial lymph node metastases were not more frequent, more aggressive recurrence patterns compared to OSCC were seen for OLP-OSCC. Therefore, based on the study results, a modified recall for these patients is suggested.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY
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Journal: Journal of maxillofacial and oral surgery
Pages or article number: 1088
Publisher: Springer India
Publisher place: Neu Delhi
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 0974-942X
Publisher DOI: 10.1007/s12663-022-01729-y
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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