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Authors: Gairing, Simon Johannes
Müller, Lukas
Kloeckner, Roman
Galle, Peter R.
Labenz, Christian
Title: Review article: post-TIPSS hepatic encephalopathy—current knowledge and future perspectives
Online publication date: 23-Jan-2023
Year of first publication: 2022
Language: english
Abstract: Background In light of the global rise in the burden of chronic liver diseases and liver cirrhosis, the number of patients suffering from decompensation events is expected to increase. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSS) provide effective long-term symptom control and may prolong transplant-free survival in portal hypertension-driven recurrent ascites and variceal bleeding. New-onset or recurrent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) after TIPSS insertion (post-TIPSS HE) represents the most severe post-interventional complication. Aims To provide insight into the epidemiology and risk factors for post-TIPSS HE and scrutinize the current state of the art in treatment and drug therapy options. Methods We conducted a literature search on post-TIPSS HE in patients with liver cirrhosis. Results Post-TIPSS HE occurs in up to 54.5% of cases and particularly early recurrent HE is associated with a dismal prognosis. In recent years, several risk factors for the development of post-TIPSS HE have been identified. These include not only parameters reflecting liver function (model for end-stage liver disease score/Child-Pugh score) as well as cognitive dysfunction caused by minimal HE but also extrahepatic factors such as sarcopenia and common medications such as proton pump inhibitors. In addition, new data on the benefit of rifaximin and of smaller stent grafts emerged and may improve the prevention of post-TIPSS HE. Conclusions Careful selection of TIPSS candidates is of utmost importance to reduce the risk of post-TIPSS HE. In this narrative review, we provide a concise overview of the current epidemiology and risk factors of the treatment options for post-TIPSS HE.
DDC: 610 Medizin
610 Medical sciences
Institution: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Department: FB 04 Medizin
Place: Mainz
Version: Published version
Publication type: Zeitschriftenaufsatz
License: CC BY-NC
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Journal: Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics
Pages or article number: 1265
Publisher: Blackwell Science
Publisher place: Oxford
Issue date: 2022
ISSN: 1365-2036
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/apt.16825
Appears in collections:DFG-491381577-H

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